Greenwich is a district in south-east London, England, on the south bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Greenwich. It is best known for its maritime history and as giving its name to the Greenwich Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time.
The town became the site of a Royal palace, the Palace of Placentia from the 15th century, and was the birthplace of many in the House of Tudor, including Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. The palace fell into disrepair during the English Civil War and was rebuilt as the Royal Naval Hospital for Sailors by Sir Christopher Wren and his assistant Nicholas Hawksmoor. These buildings became the Royal Naval College in 1873, and they remained an establishment for military education until 1998 when they passed into the hands of the Greenwich Foundation. The historic rooms within these buildings remain open to the public; other buildings are used by University of Greenwich and the Trinity College of Music.
The town became a popular resort in the 17th century with many grand houses, such as Vanbrugh castle established on Maze Hill, next to the park. From the Georgian period estates of houses were constructed above the town centre. The maritime connections of Greenwich were celebrated in the 20th century, with the sitting of the Cutty Sark and Gipsy Moth IV next to the river front, and the National Maritime Museum in the former buildings of the Royal Hospital School in 1934. Greenwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created.
Things to see in National Maritime Museum, Greenwich (source --> www.nmm.ac.uk )
Things to see in Royal Observatory, Greenwich (source --> www.nmm.ac.uk )
Astronomy Route (in above map in PINK)
| Astronomy Centre ( ONE ) |
Housed in the original 1890s
|Weller Astronomy Galleries ( ONE ) |
Interactive galleries that help to unravel
the mysteries of the Universe
|Halley’s Holiday ( ONE ) |
15 May– 5 September 2010
An exhibition for families to help Halley
the spaceship, journey around the
Solar System to find out about Earth’s
| The Lloyd’s Register Educational |
Trust Learning Centre ( ONE )
Resources for the study of astronomy
relating to the National Curriculum
Enjoy a selection of food, drinks and snacks
and sit out on the terrace overlooking
Greenwich Park at the Observatory Café
| Peter Harrison Planetarium ( TWO ) |
This state-of-the-art planetarium offers a range
of visually-captivating shows. Enter through the
Astronomy Centre and purchase timed tickets
at the planetarium ticket desk. From 1 May
to 5 September there will be additional
planetarium shows. Check with a member
of staff for further details.
| Altazimuth Pavilion ( THREE ) |
(Open for special events only)
Completed in 1899 and named after the type of
telescope that was originally installed in its dome,
the pavilion currently holds a photoheliograph
telescope used for photographing the Sun
Meridian Route(in above map in blue)
|Information ( ONE ) |
Information point where visitors can purchase
souvenir guidebooks, foreign language guidebooks and
audio guides and timed tickets for planetarium shows
| Flamsteed House and Time Galleries ( TWO ) |
The original Observatory building at Greenwich, designed by
Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke in 1675 and named
after John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal
| Astronomers Royal’s apartments ( TWO ) |
A glimpse into the apartments where the Astronomers Royal
and their families lived and worked
| Octagon Room ( TWO ) |
Flamsteed’s Great Star Room, where he tested
the regularity of the Earth’s rotation
| Harrison’s sea clocks ( TWO ) |
John Harrison’s famous sea clocks include H4, which
helped to solve the Longitude problem in the 18th century
| Camera Obscura ( TWO ) |
The Camera Obscura uses a lens to project a real-time
moving panorama of Greenwich inside a darkened room
| Meridian 0°0' 0'' ( THREE ) |
The world-famous Meridian Line is the Prime Meridian of the
World, Longitude 0°0'0'', where visitors can stand with one
foot in the west and one foot in the east
| Meridian Telescopes ( FOUR ) |
Houses the original meridian lines
| Telescopes exhibition ( FOUR ) |
Includes the actual telescopes used by Halley, Bradley
and the other Astronomers Royal at Greenwich
| Time and Society Gallery ( FOUR ) |
Explores how we use time to order our daily lives
| 28-inch Telescope Dome ( FIVE ) |
This telescope is over 100 years old and
the largest of its kind in the UK
| Time for the Navy Gallery ( FIVE ) |
A working horology centre conserving the
Museum’s collection of historic timepieces
Things to see in Queen's House, Greenwich (source --> www.nmm.ac.uk )
Have a look at its menu here - Chinese food in Greenwich. Greenwich university is very beautiful. It had a bit of olden look and had a very good architecture compared to the dull modern buildings. Just opposite the university is Devonport House and National Maritime Museum. We also saw the Queens House. When we crossed these 2 structures and walked through them we started seeing lush green grasslands which I believe was the beginning of the Greenwich park. We could also see the Royal Greenwich observatory on the other end of this park on the uphill. While walking on this park we took the snaps of the beautiful scenery behind us where we could see 2 huge pillars of the Greenwich university and in the middle were a bunch of tall buildings in Canary Wharf. Then we walked to the observatory. There was an amazing view from the observatory. We saw the O2 arena on the right most side, to its left were the Greenwich Uni and the Canary Wharf buildings ( HSBC, Citi etc... ), on their left I could see another bunch of buildings which I could recognize to be from Liverpool street as I saw the famous Swiss Bank building. And all along these structures, flew The Thames.
I also took a pic with the meridian ( 0 0 0 ). Taking pictures inside the museum is not allowed. There some amazing time keeping devices and paintings etc which were very very old. I remember spotting something from the 16th century. There was a shop which sold clocks and t-shirts and other stuff related to Greenwich. After that, we walked a bit in the Greenwich park. We spotted some huge squirrels and I immediately took a short video of them. It should be somewhere on this page. From there we walked back to the direction we started from and on the way spotted the old Greenwich Naval College. It was very beautifully made and also had an olden look. We walked inside and spotted an old London. red bus which had come to drop some wedding guests I guess.
From the college, one can go to a bank of The Thames and that's what we did. I think that part was one of the most enjoyable part of my whole Greenwich journey. That's because being besides water and getting an amazing view of the O2 arena and the Thames and the tall canary Wharf buildings was awesome.
I had a wonderful time at Greenwich and the next time I go there, I will plan to spend more time in the museums and in the park.
There are many many more places in Greenwich. Have a look at them here - Astronomy centre, Weller Astronomy Galleries, Astronomy Photographer of the year 2010, The Lloyd's Register Educational Trust Learning Centre, Peter Harrison Planetarium, Altazimuth Pavilion, Flamsteed House and Time Galleries, Astronomers Royal's apartments, Octagon Room, Harrison's sea clocks, Camera Obscura, Meridian 0 0' 0'', Meridian Telescopes, Telescopes exhibition, Time and society Gallery, 28-inch Telescope Dome, Navy Gallery.
Britain’s seafaring heritage is dramatically recreated in galleries filled
with maritime treasures and artefacts. The stories of naval battles, of
famous mariners, adventurers and explorers and the life of Admiral Lord Nelson are vividly brought to life.
The Queen's House
This perfectly proportioned Palladian house designed in 1616 by Inigo Jones is the splendid setting for an art gallery displaying part of the National Maritime Museum’s extensive collection of naval portraits and seascapes, as well as paintings of Greenwich. These include Canaletto’s view of the Old Royal Naval College, a scene virtually unchanged since the mid-18th century.
The Old Royal Naval College
Built on the site of the Tudor palace where Henry VIII and Elizabeth I were born, this is one of the country's finest examples of Baroque landscape. The Old Royal Naval College was planned and designed by some of the greatest architects of the day including Wren, Hawksmoor, Vanbrugh and James 'Athenian' Stuart. The magnificent Painted Hall, where Nelson's body lay in state after his death at the Battle of Trafalgar and the Chapel, with its elaborate plasterwork, are open to the public daily. The Greenwich Foundation manages the site and it is where both the University of Greenwich and Trinity College of Music are based. Guided tours are available.
Royal Observatory Greenwich
Founded as a scientific institution for navigational research by Charles II in 1675, the Observatory is the home of the world’s Prime Meridian -
Longitude 0° - and of Greenwich Mean Time. The clocks developed by John Harrison to determine longitude at sea are among the Observatory’s most treasured possessions. Next door is the Peter Harrison Planetarium, a state-of-the-art facility housed in a contemporary new building.
St Alfege Church
A church has stood since 1012 here on the traditional site of the martyrdom of St Alfege, Archbishop of Canterbury, who was murdered by marauding Vikings. This church, the third to be built here, was designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor, who trained under Sir Christopher Wren, working with him on the Old Royal Naval College. It was dedicated in 1718. King Henry VIII was baptised here in 1491 and Thomas Tallis was buried here in 1585.
The Fan Museum
Many examples of an elegant fashion accessory of the 17th- and
18th-centuries are displayed in changing exhibitions in two charming early Georgian houses. The museum is the only one of its kind in the world.
London's oldest enclosed Royal Park. Greenwich Park is situated on a hilltop with impressive views of Greenwich and across the River Thames to Canary Wharf, The O2, the City of London and beyond. There are also flower gardens, a deer park and a boating lake.
The Wernher Collection, Rangers House
The celebrated collection of Renaissance objets d’art as well as antique furniture and Georgian paintings amassed by Sir Julius Wernher are on display here in the house once owned by the Fourth Earl of Chesterfield. Sir Julius, a founder of De Beers, made his fortune in the South African diamond mines at the end of the 19th century.
The Cutty Sark
The fastest sailing ship of her day, the Cutty Sark was launched in
Scotland in 1869 and sailed initially on the tea route to China. Later she
brought back wool from Australia. She has been in dry dock in Greenwich since 1954.
Via River boat
The line also runs westbound from North Greenwich to:
- Canary Wharf (DLR interchange)
- Canada Water/Surrey Quays
- London Bridge
Station Journey time
Stratford 9 minutes
London Bridge 11 minutes
Waterloo 14 minutes
Baker Street 24 minutes
Fantastic artisan bakery and cafe serving a wide variety of extremely delicious bread, cakes and pastries. Try one of the plump baguettes or hot paninis for lunch and don't forget to pick up something scrumptious for further nose-bagging when you get home...
37, King William Walk
020 8858 8995
Rivington Bar and Grill
Seasonal produce, sourced from small suppliers in and around the British Isles and harvested responsibly from ocean and sea-shore, forest and farm. This fantastic local produce has provided the inspiration for many new Rivington recipes and is the focus of the seasonally changing menu.
178 Greenwich High Road
020 8293 9270
Nevada Street Deli
On a quiet corner, just across the road from Greenwich Theatre, this inviting and compact deli serves a fabulous selection of soups, salads, charcuterie, fine cheese and cakes and it's all absolutely delicious. Perfect for cracking coffee, lovely lunches and afternoon tea and cake.
8, Nevada Street
020 8293 9133
Inside restaurant has become the place to eat in Greenwich, offering imaginative and expertly cooked modern European food in an elegant but relaxed environment. A range of regularly changing menus and a carefully selected wine list, consisting of over 50 wines from Europe and the New World, make inside the perfect neighbourhood restaurant.
19 Greenwich South Street
020 8265 5060
The Pavilion Tea House
Stretch your legs in beautiful Greenwich Park and when you've had your fill of the fresh air, fauna and flora, try this teahouse set amongst the greenery. There are large gardens at the front and rear and a wide choice of menus and views to satisfy everybody's appetites.
020 8858 9695
Where is National Maritime Museum in Greenwich ?
Greenwich Museum Car parking
In Park Row, Greenwich Park and Burney Street, there are pay and display off street car parks. There are 250 spaces, maximum 4 hours of parking in Greenwich Park. In park Row, the all day parking charge is £6.00. For blue badge holders, usual exemptions apply. Greenwich Park (alongside A2 on Blackheath) provides Easy access to Royal Planetarium and Observatory can be obtained A2 on Blackheath (in Greewich park)
On Sundays and Saturdays, only a limited number of spaces are available in the Museum car park in Park Row and a charge applies.
Greenwich Museum Coach parking
Adjacent to the A2 in Charlton Way, there is free coach parking. The A2 route on arriving in the Greenwich area crosses a large open space (Blackheath) and the wall of Greenwich Park is clearly seen on the northern side alongside which is Charlton Way Coach Park.
This area where the coaches can be parked, is close to the Royal Observatory Greenwich – a short walk through the park. Just inside the gates, there are public toilets.
For the centre of Greenwich and National Maritime Museum, there are set down/pickup bays in Stockwell Street (20 minutes maximum). After which, getting to the museum is a 5 minute walk.
Coaches will usually leave young or elderly people closer to the Museum in Romney Road (westbound only) before proceeding to a parking place. In Norman Road, long-stay coach parking bays are found. See map